All images, photographs, text, graphic elements, and HTML code on the Ralph A. Swain website,, are the exclusive intellectual property of Ralph A. Swain and are protected by U.S. copyright law.  The entire contents of this site and all of its individual elements may not be downloaded, copied, manipulated, altered, stored, projected, digitized, printed, or used as reference or reproduced in any manner without the express written permission of Ralph A. Swain and payment of usage fees.

Unauthorized use is a violation of Federal Copyright Law and will result in legal action and monetary penalties.  By entering this site you agree to abide by the above terms and copyright restrictions.